Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part A (2022)
Health education for pregnancy: A study among women attending CHC
Vinay Kumar, Vikrant Sharma, Kusma Devi
Objective: To find out the level of health awareness related to pregnancy and the sources of information among parous women visiting the Community Health Center. Methods: This study was conducted at a Community Health Center during a 6-month period in 2021. Five hundred and eighty-one parous women who were eligible for the study were interviewed with the help of a questionnaire. Results: A large proportion of the women were well informed about certain health issues of pregnancy such as dietary intake of essential foods like dairy products (74.7%), Protein-rich foods (71.4%) and fruits (68.2%), the hours of daily rest necessary (81.9%), the need for exercise (83.6%), the importance and timing of antenatal visits, the risk of smoking in pregnancy (99.3%) and proper spacing of babies (97.7%). However, many women had no knowledge of the importance of taking high-fiber foods (55.1%) to avoid constipation, the required dietary changes in early pregnancy to prevent nausea and vomiting, and the ill-effects of maternal smoking on the fetus, Rubella infection and advancing maternal age on the fetus. They were also not aware of the importance of the various antenatal procedures such as blood examination, breast-care during pregnancy and immunizations to prevent Tetanus and Rubella infection. A higher literacy level of the women was significantly correlated with better knowledge on certain health parameters. Physicians and nurses constituted poor sources of health information (35.6%). Conclusion: There is a need to restructure the Health Education programmes relating to pregnancy delivered through CHCs and the mass media for better knowledge among women of childbearing age can decrease pregnancy-related problems and improve perinatal outcome.
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Vinay Kumar, Vikrant Sharma, Kusma Devi. Health education for pregnancy: A study among women attending CHC
. Int. J. Gynaecol. Res. 2022;4(1):1-2. DOI: 10.33545/2664892X.2022.v4.i1a.11